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Abstract We present the ?rst ever worldwide compilation of traditional cycad names and discuss the signi?cance of our ?ndings. Using all available cycad literature and much personal consul-tation, we have compiled a table of scienti?c names, localities, languages, vernacular names, and, where known, translations into English. We have uncovered at least one vernacular name for 146 of the 303 presently known cycad species and a total of 495 vernacular names in 129 languages. Patterns of meaning revealed in our compendium include cycad-palm and cycad-fern homologies, a strong maize analogy (in Mesoamerican countries), toponymic references, allusions to morphological features, non-Western binomial taxonomies, references to local folklore, and references to economic uses of cycad products.