A taxonomic monograph of Endlicheria (Lauraceae), a South America-centered genus of the Ocotea complex, is presented and with the benefit of molecular data showing that its members are nested within Rhodostemonodaphne and Ocotea, its delimitation is assessed in morphological detail. Sixty species of Endlicheria are recognized, of which 16 are newly described. / Rhodostemonodaphne (Lauraceae. A revision of the genus Rhodostemonodaphne is presented. The genus comprises 41 species of dioecious Lauraceae with stamens bearing four locelli situated in a shallow arch towards the apex of the anthers. The variation in vegetative and reproductive morphology is discussed. Generic and species descriptions are provided, with a list of exsiccatae, species illustrations, and distribution maps. Sixteen new species are described and four new combinations proposed.